Rosacea (also known as Acne Rosacea, Adult Acne) is a common skin disorder in people 30 and older which exhibits itself as redness, often with sudden onset and accompanied with a feeling of heat. Sometimes acne-like pustules may form on the skin. Rosacea must be diagnosed and treated by a dermatologist.
Rosacea is a vascular disorder (related to circulation of blood) where the sudden rushing of blood to the face can stimulate the production of sebum and irritate follicles, causing the redness, heat, and acne-like conditions. Another side effect of the sudden flushing of blood to the face, is that it can trigger the release of Vascular Growth Factor, which triggers the growth of new blood vessels in the skin, creating a self-perpetuation which brings on further flushing.
While the exact cause of Rosacea is unknown, it’s appears to be hereditary and strongly related to people who blush easily. Theories abound, from mites to excessive yeast on the skin, though none have been scientifically proven.
While there is no cure, it may be controlled through medical treatment and lifestyle changes. Anything to help reduce skin flushing will help reduce flareups.
Lifestyle triggers to avoid
- Sun exposure - wear sunscreenHeat exposure (ovens, fireplaces, hot cars, etc.)Extreme temperatures (saunas, hot baths, hot water)
- Exercise… it’s recommended to exercise indoors with a/c
- Hot beverages
- Spicy foods
- Emotional stress
Skincare triggers to avoid
- Drying products
- Alcohol-based products
- Essential oils like peppermint, menthol
- Exfoliants (chemical and abrasive), rough sponges
- Masks which create heat or dry the skin
Read more about how to care for skin with Rosacea at the American Academy of Dermatology